Contingency Plans


  • EMERGENCY ACTION – In the event of an on the road spill or other emergency, the driver will follow these procedures:

A. Remain with the unit and warn all pedestrians and motorist to stay away from the spill area, pointing out to them the involved danger and have someone call the police or the fire department.

B. Upon the arrival of the police or fire department, the driver will inform of what kind of material has been spilled and request the area to be blocked off to both pedestrians and vehicles to prevent property damage or any serious personal injury. The driver will request the first responder, fire or police personnel, to protect the area while the driver reports to a company emergency coordinator (listed below in the order of calling):


Anna Myers-Safety Director

C. The emergency coordinator will gather the following information from the driver and relay it to the National Response Center and the Department of Public Safety.

  • Name of person reporting the incident.
  • Name, address, and I.D. Number of the transporter.
  • Phone number where person reporting can be reached.
  • Date, time, and location of the incident.
  • The extent of the injuries, if any.
  • Classification, name, and quantity of hazardous material wastes involved, if such information is available.
  • Type of incident and the nature of the hazardous material/waste involved and whether a continuing danger exists at the scene.
  • For each waste product involved provide.
    • a. Name and I.D. number of the generator.
    • b. Product shipping, hazardous class, and UN number.
    • c. Estimated quantity of material spilled.
    • d. If possible, the extent of contamination to land, water and air.
  •  Shipping name, hazardous class, and I. D. number of any other material carried.



C. The emergency coordinator will gather the following information from the driver and relay it to the National Response Center and the Department of Public Safety.

  • 1. Containment – The critical problem is to prevent the escape of any spilled liquid or solid into the ground or into the storm or sanitary sewer. A barrier must be erected immediately to prevent escape of spilled material, waste, liquids, using whatever material is at hand, even a dirt curb to prevent spreading of the spill. Containment of solid will depend on the wind and the weather conditions, use the tarpaulin in the vehicle, plastic (available at most supply stores) if the conditions are wet and windy.

Simultaneously, the source of the spill or leak must be located and controlled. The possibility of evacuation should be considered in the event of a major spill, the collision with another vehicle or a loaded trailer that has overturned, with subsequent containers rupturing.

Major concerns involve ignitable wastes that may catch fire and possibly explode or generate toxic fumes. If fire threatens or actually occurs, personnel should be evacuated to a distance of at least a half mile as recommended by the emergency response handbook. If no fire threatens, and no containers have ruptured, a distance of 50 100 feet should suffice.

If the shipping description is not known, check the placard on the vehicle for a “UN” number, look up in the yellow pages of emergency response book and refer to the corresponding guide number; or contact the generator of the waste safety data.

  • 2. Cleanup – Any of a number of commercial absorbants inert material may be used, but make sure they are compatible with the waste and will not cause a reaction. If the spillage has reached the earth, all contaminated earth should be collected into drums or bags for disposal at an EPA approved site. If any spilled waste has reached the ground, the contaminated soils will be removed.

The extent of the contamination will be determined by sampling the spill area. The sample will be analyzed by a qualified laboratory. Sampling techniques chain of custody requirements, and analytical methods will follow approved procedures. Any soil exhibiting above the local background level will be removed, to an appropriate permitted disposal site.

In addition to contaminated absorbants, dirt, or the like as noted above, damaged containers also prevent a disposal problem. Special “recovery drums” (oversized drums) will be used for containing damaged 55 gallon. drums. Disposal will be at an approved site.

  • EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT – Each tractor carries the following emergency equipment in a sturdy aluminum box:

Emergency reflective triangles

  • Gloves
  • Full-face Respirator
  • Goggles
  • Boots
  • Slicker Suit
  • DOT Emergency Response Guidebook
  • Hazorb ( 4 pillows)
  • Skin & Eye Neutralization
  • Shovel
  • (* Solids) (** Sludges & Liquids)
  • 3. Each tractor also carries:
    First Aid Kit
    Ten Pound ABC fire extinguishers.
  • FOLLOW UP PROCEDURES – Two steps remain once the emergency aspects of a spill have been taken care of:

A. Decontamination A truck or trailer exposed to a spill or leak will be decontaminated at the site in order to prevent any further release to the extent that it can be transported or moved under its own power to an authorized facility capable of further decontamination if necessary.

Equipment will be decontaminated in the following manner:

Each item used will be placed in an open head container and thoroughly rinsed with a compatible solvent or cleaning compound. The residue or wash water will be drained into a tight head container, sealed, and disposed of in accordance with Federal and/or state regulations at an authorized disposal site.

Clothing Contaminated clothing will be placed with the clean up residue and disposed of in accordance with the Federal and State regulations at an authorized disposal site. If clothing is reusable, then it will be decontaminated properly and then the residue added to the other wastes.

B. Notification The Department of Transportation, Director of Hazardous Materials Registration, Materials and Transportation Bureau, Washington, D.C. 20590 shall be notified in writing of the occurrence and nature of the incident and a copy will be submitted to the Alabama Department of Environmental Management, Coliseum Boulevard, Montgomery, Alabama 36110-2059.

  • Training Program – In preparation for handling hazardous materials and hazardous wastes, Stranco drivers and personnel will receive approximately 40 hours classroom training conducted by Regional Office Personnel followed by a refresher training by local management at regular scheduled (at least monthly) safety meeting. In addition, to the above, an annual Regional meeting is held to further educate each branch operations supervisor on the changes in the regulations.

The following is a list of classroom training provided to personnel responsible for the handling and the storage of the hazardous wastes:

  • 1. Hazardous waste manifesting.
  • 2. Container receiving and maintenance.
  • 3. Container inspections.
  • 4. Container transferring.
  • 6. Container pickup list check.
  • 7. Re use of containers of hazardous wastes.
  • 8. Emergency response equipment.
  • 9. Emergency procedures.
  • 10. Hazardous waste labeling.
  • 11. Product compatibility.
  • 12. In house maintenance.
  • 13. Emergency spills.

Since much of the drivers action involves hazardous materials, including hazardous wastes, their instructions specifically include:

  • Inspection of their vehicles before and during trips.
  • Driving rules.
  • Knowledge of safety and health hazards of products carried (i.e., flammable and corrosive).
  • Actions to be implemented in case of spills, accidents, or other emergencies involving hazardous materials and hazardous wastes.

It is Stranco LLC`s firm belief that management must be assured that all employees, whether hourly or salaried, perform their job duties with the reasonable expectation that they will suffer no occupationally related injury or illness. This goal can be achieved through the sincere dedication of all employees to the following philosophy: Safety is top priority. Accidents are preventable.


  • Safety is everyone`s responsibility.
  • Attitude and awareness are the keys to accident prevention.
  • Safe working conditions are an integral part of accident prevention.
  • A successful safety program must have the active participation and total commitment of management and employees at all levels of the organization.
  • All work situations have elements of risk which must be identified and addressed prior to the work being done.
  • Each individual must be absolutely convinced that He or She has a responsibility for working safely and preventing accidents. This positive attitude can result in a real benefit to all employees by providing a healthier, accident free and more productive life through a safer work place.
  • PURPOSE – The purpose of this Manual is to provide transportation operating procedures for Stranco LLC. It is intended to provide a uniform method of accomplishing various functions, and must be used in conjunction with company policies. These procedures will standardize various aspects of transportation operations and enable Stranco LLC. to utilize the best practices available for obtaining a high level of economic performance, regulatory adherence, operational efficiency and professional service to our customers.
  • DISTRIBUTION – Copies of the Procedure Manual will be issued to each Stranco LLC. facility. Trucking Manager, Company Manager, and Drivers who would have a use for this information.
  • RESPONSIBILITY – It is the responsibility of the Trucking Manager and appropriate administration personnel to maintain the Manual and to ensure that these procedures are followed. Specific procedures or requirements may be delegated to the Drivers as necessary.

Drivers` Hours of Service

  • PURPOSE – This procedure will standardize the interpretation of the federal hours of service regulations and will establish a uniform procedure for complying with these requirements.

Applicable Regulations – 49 CFR Part 395 and published interpretations.

  • Applicability – These requirements apply to all Stranco employees operating cargo carrying vehicles, loaded or empty. (1) in interstate commerce, (2) in intrastate commerce when the transportation involves hazardous materials which are required to be placarded. Any person who becomes subject to these requirements remains subject for 120 days.

Hours of Service Requirements:

It is the policy and practice of Stranco LLC to comply with the appropriate hours of service regulations of the U.S. Department of Transportation. These regulations include:

11 Hour Rule The 11 hour rule states that no driver shall drive more than 11 hours following 10 consecutive hours off duty.

14 Hour Rule The 14-hour rule states that no driver shall drive after having been on duty 14 hours following 10 consecutive hours off duty.

60/70 Hour Rule No driver may drive after having been on duty 60 hours in 7 consecutive days, or no driver may drive after having been on duty 70 hours in 8 consecutive days. Each facility has a choice of the 60 or 70 hour rule. All drivers at a facility must follow the same rule. Drivers may continue to work after the 60th or 70th hour, but may not drive. Such work is counted as on duty time. A day begins and ends at midnight. There are no exceptions to this rule.

Exceptions To Regulations –

1.Lightweight vehicles – A driver who operates only a vehicle with not more than 2 axles and whose gross weight does not exceed 10,000 lbs. is not subject to the 11 or 14 hour rule unless the vehicle is transporting hazardous materials in such a quantity as to require the vehicle to be specifically marked or placarded.

2.Drivers using sleeper berths – Drivers using sleeper berths may accumulate the required 10 consecutive hours off duty resting in a sleeper berth in two separate periods totaling 10 hours, neither period to be less than 2 hours is still recorded as sleeper berth time, but doesn`t count as part of the 10 hours off.

3.Adverse driving conditions – A driver encounters adverse driving conditions and cannot, because of those conditions, safely complete the run within 11 hour maximum driving time permitted by 395.3 (a) may drive and be permitted or required to drive a motor vehicle for not more than 2 additional hours in order to complete that run or to reach a place offering safety for the vehicle occupants and security for the vehicle and its cargo. However, that driver may not drive more than 12 hours in the aggregate following 10 consecutive hours off duty or after he has been on duty 14 hours following 10 consecutive hours off duty.

“Adverse driving conditions” means snow, sleet, fog, other adverse weather conditions, a highway covered with snow or ice, or unusual road and traffic conditions, none of which were apparent on the basis of information known to the person dispatching the run at the time it began. A prerequisite for use of this exception is that the run is one which could normally and reasonably have been completed without a violation. If this exception is used, it must be explained in the remarks section of the drivers` daily logs.

Procedure –

It is the responsibility of each facility manager to assure that no employee violates hours of service requirements. Drivers will accurately report their hours daily to the dispatcher or other person designated by the facility manager.

When a driver is at the facility, this report will be made by submitting his log sheet. When drivers are away from the facility, a telephone report will be made. The facility will record the hours on a recap sheet. When hours are reported by telephone, the driver`s record of duty status will be compared with the hours previously reported by the driver to assure that hours were accurately reported.

Each month, the facilities will receive a summary of any hours of service violations from the previous month. Corrective action will be taken for all instances where a driver violated the hours of service requirements.

Hiring and Qualifications of Drivers

Purpose – This procedure is to provide minimum standards for the driver hiring and qualification process.

Responsibility – T It is the responsibility of the Trucking Manager to complete this procedure.

Forms Required –T See the attached Drivers qualification Checklist which specifies the material need on each driver.

Procedure – T See the attached Drivers qualification Checklist which specifies the material need on each driver.

The process of driver hiring can be outlined as follows:

  • A. The need for additional drivers is determined by the Trucking Manager.
  • B. Transportation personnel must secure applicants for driving positions using the usual methods, word of mouth, advertisements, etc.
  • C. The Trucking Manager conducts interviews, secures applications, and makes initial selections. The Qualification File will be maintained at the Abita Springs, Louisiana Office.

The following 12 steps represent the format to use in completing a Driver Qualification File:

1.Application For Employment: 49 CFR 391.21

  • A.Applicant should prepare a Stranco, LLC. employment application for truck drivers.
  • B.Review the application to assure that the form is complete and that the applicant meets the minimum Stranco standards.

2.Written Test: 49 CFR 391.35

  • A.Administer the D.O.T. prescribed written test.The applicant is allowed to use the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations during the test. B.Grade the test ‑There is no passing score.You must advise the applicant of the correct answers to questions missed.Place the test in the driver qualification file.

3.Written Test: Certificate:49. CFR 391.35

  • Complete the certificate of written examination, date and sign.Place the paper in the driver qualification file.

4.Road Test: 49 CFR 391.31

  • Administer a road test.The test must be administered by someone who is qualified to judge the applicants abilityto operate the vehicle.The test must be in the type of equipment you intend the applicant to operate including associated equipment, i.e.: pumps, valves, hydraulics, etc. Each item on the road test form should be rated as follows:
  • Excellent
  • Satisfactory
  • Needs additional training

5.Road Test Certificate:49 CFR 391.31

  • Complete, date, and sign the road test certificates.Place the paper certificate in the diver qualification file.

6.Investigation> of Driver History: 49 CFR 391.23

  • The background will include a check of all employers given or developed for the past three years and a check of motor vehicle records for the state in which licensed. 7.Medical Examination and Evaluation: 49 CFR 391.41

A. Arrange for the applicant to be examined by a company approved doctor.

B. Upon receipt, check all forms to assure they are complete and correct.Review all medical forms to assure that the applicant meets the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations` minimum physical requirements Stranco LLC has adopted as the minimum physical standards as found in 49 CFR 391.41. These standards include:loss or impairments of limbs, diabetes mellitus requiring insulin, cardiovascular pressure, epilepsy, visual and hearing acuity, drug use and alcoholism, and other medical conditions which may interfere with a persons` ability to safely operate a motor vehicle.

C. Place the physical examination of drivers` form in the driver`s qualification file, place the medical forms in the applicants personnel file.Issue the card certificate to the applicant.

8.Drivers` License:

  • Copy the applicant`s drivers license (both sides) and place in driver qualification file.

9. Hours Data Sheet:49 CFR 395.8

  • Obtain a completed driver`s data sheet showing the hours the applicant worked in the prior seven (7) days.Place in the driver qualification file.

10. Publications:

  • Issue the driver a copy of the “Contingency Plan” of Emergency Response, ” The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations”, and the “Drivers` Pocket Guide to Hazardous Materials”. Obtain receipts for these publications and place in driver qualification file.

11. Distribution:

  • Complete driver qualification file check sheet and place in driver qualification file.

Stranco, LLC. Driver Qualification Standards

The following driver qualification requirements represent the minimum Stranco LLC standards. Stranco LLC has adopted standards that are more stringent than the federal requirements.Applicants must meet these standards prior to being employed.

The following driver qualification requirements represent the minimum Stranco LLC standards. Stranco LLC has adopted standards that are more stringent than the federal requirements.Applicants must meet these standards prior to being employed.

A. Age 24 years old Any Stranco LLC driver hired will be at least 24 years of age.

B. Experience 3 years Any driver hired must have at least three years of commercial driving experience, and one year of this experience must have been in the type of equipment that the applicant will be operating, i.e., straight truck, tractor trailer. Except ‑ one year of the general experience may be waived if the applicant has completed a formal, professional, truck driver training school.

C. Physical Standards The U. S. D.O.T. standards are accepted as a minimum.

D. Prior Accident History When considering an applicant, examine any accident which occurred within the 36 months preceding the application.Consider accidents which occurred in a commercial vehicle or a private car.

Applicant meets the standard if he/she has:

1. No chargeable accidents within the past twelve months.


2. No more than one chargeable accident within the previous 36 months.

Applicant must provide details of any previous accident.The Truck Manager should review MVR check and previous employer to determine changeability.

E.Prior Traffic Convictions ‑ All moving traffic convictions, both private and commercial, within the previous 36 months will be considered. Applicant meets the standard if during the 36 months he/she has:

1.No convictions of:

  • driving while intoxicated
  • open intoxicants within a vehicle
  • reckless driving
  • any drug use violation
  • any crime involving the use of a motor vehicle
  • any speeding violations more than 15 miles over the established limit.

2.No more than three moving violations, none of which were in the past six months.

3.No revocations, suspension, or denial of his driving privileges.

4.No citations pending final disposition.

There may be special circumstances where deviation from these standards would be necessary.In these cases, the Trucking Manager should document the reasons for this variation.


This program is designed to directly address the requirements set forth in the DOT regulations concerning the EAP. Subjects covered include substance abuse and the workplace, effects of abuse on the health and well‑being of the individual, information on the specific classes of drugs covered in the DOT regulations, safety issues and a section on information and referral services and rehabilitation.Program materials include: Pre‑test and post‑test, student handbooks, posters, wallet card/certificates of completion, videos. This program`s principal purpose is to deliver information: On the reality of substance abuse (specifically in relation to classes of drugs)

  • On the consequences of drug abuse.
  • On the risks associated with abuse.
  • On options in education and rehabilitation.


The following emergency phone numbers have been issued to all drivers and will be kept in all trucks at all times.


All Items Checked As Required Return Form to Dispatch

Loading –

  • Internal Valve Closed
  • External Valve Closed
  • External Valve Mounting Ring Tight
  • Placards (if required) Must Match Shipper

Bill of Lading –

  • Tank Clean and Dry (if required)

After Loading –

  • Placards On Unit As Required
  • Dome Lid And Vent Caps Secured
  • Visual Inspection For Leaks
  • Obtain Required Paper Work

Unloading –

  • Delivery Receipt Signed By Responsible Representative of the Consignee
  • Dome Lid Open (gravity or pump unload)
  • Dome Lid And Caps Secured, Xmas Tree Mounted (air unload)
  • Hose(s) Connected In proper Sequence From Tank Trailer To Pump (if required) To Receiving Tank
  • Pump Pressure Relief Valve Mounted Correctly
  • Pump Clean
  • Internal Valve Safety Release Operating
  • External Valve Mounting Ring Tight
  • Receiving Tank Capable of Receiving Complete Load
  • Unit To Be Attended At All Times While Unloading

After Delivery –

  • Pump Power Take‑Off Disengaged (pump unload)
  • Air Compressor Power Take‑Off Disengaged (air unload)
  • Dome Lid Secured (pump, gravity unload)
  • Air Pressure Evacuated (air unload)
  • Internal Valve Closed
  • External Valve Closed
  • Hoses And Equipment Secured
  • Required Paperwork Signed


The Department of Transportation has dictated rules governing the transportation of hazardous (placarded) loads in which we, Stranco LLC, must comply. As a driver you should familiarize yourself with these rules and requirements so as not to jeopardize Stranco LLC or yourself in the form of fines and penalties.


PARKING: A Tank truck which contains hazardous material must not be parked on or within five feet of the traveled portion of a public street or highway except for brief periods when it is impracticable to park any other place due to the requirements of certain operations.

When parking your unit take all steps possible secure the vehicle against theft and roll-off.

  • Park unit in a safe, lighted area.
  • Properly set the parking brake.
  • Shut down the engine.
  • Remove the ignition key and keep it in your possession.
  • Lock both tractor doors.

NOTE: IN CASE OF SEVERE WEATHER ONLY that demands the engine be left running to insure restarting, park the unit where you can watch it, remove the ignition key and lock all doors.

ROUTES: When hauling hazardous materials you must pay special attention to the routes that you travel. Bridge and tunnel regulations are set by State and Municipal ordinances as to the kind, character or quantity of hazardous material permitted. Be sure to follow instructions at bridges or tunnels encountered regarding hazardous shipments. Unless there is no practicable alternative, a motor vehicle which contains hazardous materials must be operated over routes which do not go through or near heavily populated areas, places where crowds are assembled, tunnels, narrow streets, or alleys. Operating convenience is not a basis for determining whether it is practicable to operate a motor vehicle in accordance with this ruling.

  • FIRES – A motor vehicle containing hazardous materials must not be operated near an open fire unless its driver has first taken precautions to ascertain that the vehicle can safely pass the fire without stopping. A motor vehicle containing hazardous materials must not be parked within 300 feet of an open fire.
  • NO SMOKING – No person may smoke or carry a lighted cigarette, cigar or pipe within 25 feet of:

A. A motor vehicle which contains explosives, oxidizing materials, or flammable materials;

B. An empty tank motor vehicle which has been used to transport flammable liquids or gases and which, when so used, was required to be marked or placarded in accordance with the rules set forth by the D O T.

C. No smoking in any plant except approved designated areas.

  • FUELING – When a motor vehicle which contains hazardous materials is being fueled:

A. Its engine must not be operating; and

B. A person must be in control of fueling process at the point where the tank is filled.

  • TIRES – If a motor vehicle which contains hazardous materials is equipped with dual tires on any axle, its driver must inspect the vehicle`s tires at the beginning of each trip and each time the vehicle is parked. If as a result of an examination pursuant to the above paragraph ( or otherwise) a tire, if found to be flat, leaking, or improperly inflated, the driver must see that the tire is repaired, replaced, or properly inflated before the vehicle is driven. However, the vehicle may be driven to the nearest safe place to perform the required repair, replacement, or inflation. If, by examination, a tire is found to be overheated the driver shall immediately cause the overheated tire to be removed and placed at a safe distance from the vehicle. The driver shall not operate the vehicle until the cause of the overheating is corrected.
  • RAILROAD CROSSING – When transporting hazardous materials, you must stop at ALL railroad crossings no closer than 15 feet and no further than 50 feet from the grade. Industrial crossings, crossings marked “exempt” or “abandon”, tracks marked by a red or green traffic signed, or crossings that are under the direction of a law enforcement officer are exempt, except when in use. Shifting gears while crossing railroad tracks is strictly forbidden anytime. Select a suitable gear before crossing the tracks that will allow you to cross without stalling the engine, and at a controlled speed.


While hauling hazardous materials, you must make the shipping papers (bills of laden) readily available to, and recognizable by, authorities in the event of an accident or inspection. While driving, you must have the shipping papers within your immediate reach while restrained by the seat belt.

When not driving, the documents are required to be;

  • In a holder mounted to the inside of the door on the driver`s side, or,
  • On the driver`s seat in the vehicle.
  • PLACARDING: You must not move a tank truck which is loaded with hazardous material unlessthe vehicle is properly placarded or unless, in an emergency:
  • The truck is escorted by a representative of a state or local government, or;
  • You have permission from the D O T or;
  • Moving the truck is necessary to protect life or property.
  • The truck is escorted by a representative of a state or local government, or;
  • You have permission from the D O T or;
  • Moving the truck is necessary to protect life or property.
  • GENERAL REQUIREMENTS: No smoking while loading or unloading. Smoking on or about any motor vehicle while loading or unloading any explosive, flammable liquid, flammable solid, oxidizing material, or flammable compressed gas is forbidden.

Keep fire away, loading and unloading. Extreme care shall be taken in the loading or unloading of any explosive, flammable liquid, flammable solid, oxidizing material, or flammable compressed gas into or from any motor vehicle to keep fire away and to prevent persons in the vicinity from smoking, lighting matches, or carrying any flame or lighted cigar, pipe, or cigarette.

Handbrake set while loading and unloading. No explosive or other dangerous article shall be loaded into or on, or unloaded from, any motor vehicle unless the handbrake is securely set and all other reasonable precautions are taken to prevent motion of the motor vehicle during such loading or unloading process.

Stranco Driver`s run with head lights on day, etc.


Loading – A cargo tank must be attended by a qualified person at all times when it is being loaded. The person who is responsible for loading the cargo tank is also responsible for ensuring that it is so attended.

Unloading – A motor carrier who transports hazardous materials by a cargo tank must ensure that the cargo tank is attended by a qualified person at all times during the unloading.

A person “attends” the loading or unloading of a cargo tank if throughout the process he is awake, has an unobstructed view of the cargo tank, and is within 25 feet of the cargo tank.

A person is qualified if he has been made aware of the nature of the hazardous material which is to be loaded or unloaded, he has been instructed on the procedures to be followed in an emergency, he is authorized to move the cargo tank, and he has the means to do so.

A delivery hose, when attached to the cargo tank, is considered a part of the vehicle.


Liquid loads in no way compare to a flat bed or van trailer loads. Because of the nature of the product, the driver must be constantly aware of the status of the load as well as the condition of the highways upon which he is traveling.

Drivers of tank trucks must be capable of operating and controlling their vehicles in heavy traffic situations at the times. Whether loaded or empty, they have visibility and size problems that can create problems for themselves and other vehicle operator.

When partially loaded their problems are increased because shifting liquid cargo can cause vehicle instabilities that even the most experienced driver cannot correct or control in accident situations. Maintaining proper speeds and being constantly aware of cargo status are the only safeguards available against most accident situations that cargo tanks encounter.

Liquid cargo shifting is a problem with anything other than full or empty. This condition occurs when the driver makes sudden land changes, takes evasive action, and on long downgrade curves. A prime location for this condition to develop is at freeway exit and entrance ramps.


  • NEVER TAILGATE: Tailgating is one of the most serious of driving offenses, but it is much more dangerous with a liquid load. In a panic stop, the forward shifting of the cargo only adds to the stopping distance making an accident inevitable.
  • SHIFTING GEARS: When up‑shifting the transmission, always release the clutch after the slosh has hit the rear of the tank. This will eliminate excessive strain on the drive train which, at best leads to premature failure and at worst, could bend or twist a drive shaft or damage universal joints and bearings.
  • ENTRANCE RAMPS: Always slow your unit down and gear down before entering a freeway entrance or exit ramp. This is a prime location for side shifting of the product which can over turn the unit.
  • INTERSECTIONS: When stopping at intersections and stop lights, always keep you foot firm on the brake pedal. Front and rear shifting of the product will push an unchecked unit into an intersection or into vehicles in front and, to the rear of your vehicle.
  • DESCENDING HILLS: When descending down long hills and mountains, always down‑shift at the top before you start down the grade. Select a gear for your descent that is comparable or lower than the gear you would select to climb the hill. Apply light pressure to the brake pedal so as to hold your speed steady. NEVER PUMP OR FAN THE BRAKES! This over heats the brakes, wastes air pressure and causes the load to “rock” or slosh which could cause loss of control. Keep the engine RPM (tachometer) at the bottom of the operating range. This will maintain air and oil pressures without danger of engine over speed. Never allow the engine to run against the governor. Serious internal damage could result.
  • EVASIVE ACTION: Never take evasive action or change direction of travel sharply at high speed. Loss of control and overturn could result due to load shifting. If you should drop off the shoulder of the highway, never jerk the unit back to the highway. Reduce speed immediately with as little braking as possible. When the unit is under control and speed has slowed, bring the unit back onto the road without a sharp direction change. If unit is jerked back, loss of control and overturn could result.
  • INCLEMENT WEATHER: When driving in snow or ice remember, traction is greatly reduced in any vehicle. The shifting of liquids will cause loss of traction sooner which could result in a jack‑knife situation. When the weather becomes inclement, stop and wait until the road becomes passable.


The hose is always the weakest link between the tank trailer and the customer`s connection. If any failure occurs while unloading it will probably be the hose. It is extremely important that you check your hoses before you leave the terminal for damages that could result in an accident.

1. Check the hose connectors to make sure they are not broken or distorted.

  • The connectors must be made of stainless steel only. Any other material such as brass or aluminum will not stand the strong chemicals and are to be avoided.
  • Report non stainless hose ends to your terminal manager.
  • Check the “cam locks” to make sure they are not broken or worn. Check the “cam locks” for tightness. If the hose coupling is loose, the joint will leak no matter how new the gasket is.
  • Check the gasket in the female or “c” fitting for condition.

2. The fittings should be secured with two stainless steel bands. If the bands are missing or are made of galvanized metal, BEWARE!

a. Report missing or galvanized bands to your terminal manager. b. Use no hose that has the fitting secured with a radiator hose clamp. This will not hold pressure and the fitting will blow off.

3. Check the hose for flat spots, indicating hose has been run over.

4. Make sure there are no swollen areas, especially near the connectors. This indicates that the inner lining has ruptured allowing product to get between the layers of the hose.

5. Make sure there is no tape on the hose attempting to stop leaks.

6. Do not use a hose that has wire showing. (fishboning)

a. Report all damaged hose to your terminal manager so it may be disposed of or pulled out of service and repaired. b. A damaged hose is like a loaded gun. One does not know when it will fail.


  • 1. If you must move the truck after hooking up, disconnect all hoses and pull out of the way before moving the truck. Running over the hose will flatten out the wire inside which will weaken the wire causing a possible blowout. Beating the hose out makes it look all right, but damage has been done internally, and the hose will probably rupture under pressure.
  • 2. Never drag the ends on the ground or drop the fitting on a hard surface. This distorts and “wears” the fitting until eventually it will be rendered useless.
  • 3. Hold fittings in each hand and drag the hose looped behind you.
  • 4. When connecting the hose together, make sure the connectors are secure. A loose “cam lock” will allow the hose to leak or come uncoupled due to vibration of the engine and pump. Wrapping a wire or rubber tarp strap around the “cam locks” will keep them secure.
  • 5. Always inspect your hose for cleanliness. A dirty hose can contaminate a product which could cause losses of thousands of dollars.
  • 6. Make sure hoses are properly secured in the hose troughs before moving your vehicle. If the hose comes out, it will drag on the highway damaging the hose and fittings beyond serviceable limits.


  • Keep all fittings clean and as free as possible of product build‑up.
  • Make sure when connecting different fittings together that the connections are tight so as to prevent leaks.
  • It is especially important that “X‑MAS” trees and valves be kept clean and that the pressure gauges be kept functional at all times. A broken gauge or sticking pressure relief valve is an invitation to a ruptured or exploded tank.
  • Make sure you use stainless steel fittings only. Certain chemicals and acids will dissolve brass, aluminum, and iron. If you do not have stainless steel, see your terminal manager.
  • Do not attempt to unload any caustic or acid with anything other than stainless steel. If you do, within a matter of minutes you will have a major spill.


There are certain basic safety rules that must be observed when working around tanks to prevent injury or an accidents.